Top Republicans Subpoenaed by Jan 6 Committee
The January 6 Committee referred five Members of the U.S. House of Representatives for censure and investigation by the House Ethics Committee. All of these Congressmen refused lawful subpoenas to testify before the Committee about their knowledge of the events of Jan 6.
Reps. McCarthy, Jordan, Perry, Biggs, and Brooks all referred for censure and investigation around Jan 6.
The January 6th Committee voted to subpoena Donald Trump for his role in inciting the January 6th riots and plotting to overturn the 2020 election.
Senator Lindsey Graham of SC will testify in Georgia election fraud probe after Supreme Court refuses to block his subpoena from Georgia grand jury.
Steve Bannon, a former top adviser in Donald Trump's White House, will testify since Trump now says he won't cite executive privilege. Bannon already faces fines and jail time for twice refusing to appear before the Committee.
John Eastman, Trump's attorney, was summoned to a deposition, where he pleaded the fifth over 100 times to every question asked of him.
Peter Navarro, former personal lawyer for President Trump, was found in contempt of Congress for failure to appear at deposition. He was arrested at a DC-area airport in June on his way to Nashville.
A Georgia Grand Jury subpoenaed Rudolph W. Giuliani, Senator Lindsey Graham, Jenna Ellis, John Eastman, Brad Raffensperger, & Cleta Mitchell in the Georgia Criminal Investigation.
List of Republicans who plead the 5th to avoid self-incrimination during January 6th Committee testimony.
Navarro, Giuliani, and Eastman Subpoenaed
The January 6th House Select Committee is investigating the Capitol attack in which multiple assailants have already pleaded guilty for breaching the Capitol with the intent of harming House members. The committee has again called Peter Navarro to testify so they can better understand the events of the day.
Navarro refused to cooperate with a previous subpoena issued by the committee in February and was found in contempt of Congress. Navarro claims the violent attack that occurred on January 6th was not part of his plan to keep Trump in office.
Navarro stated it is still “T.B.D.” if he’ll testify this time. Navarro was once again found in contempt of Congress on June 3, 2022 and was indicted for failing to appear for deposition. Each count of contempt of Congress carries a minimum of 30 days and a maximum of one year in jail, as well as a fine of up to $100,000. Navarro was arrested at a DC-area airport. A judge delayed his trial until early 2023.
Although Navarro has yet to testify, his top aide, Garrett Ziegler, sat down with committee investigators on July 19th.
Similarly, Giuliani has not testified to the committee and backed out of a scheduled interview with the Committee since the panel wouldn’t allow him to record the meeting. Giuliani remains under subpoena. On January 6th, speaking at the “Save America Rally,” Giuliani called for “trial by combat” and pleaded with Republican lawmakers to delay the certification of President Biden’s victory.
John Eastman, Trump's attorney who masterminded the plan to overturn the election, went to his deposition with the January 6th Committee. However, he pled the fifth over 100 times, refusing to be a witness against himself.
Emerging evidence against Eastman shows he wrote an email to then President Trump following January 6th attack requesting a Presidential pardon for his role in the riot.
According to an email that Eastman sent to Trump’s former attorney Rudy Giuliani, Eastman wrote: “I’ve decided that I should be on the pardon list, if that is still in the works.”
Eastman’s pardon request is legally significant because it signals consciousness of guilt that went beyond Eastman’s earlier admissions that his proposals to reverse Trump’s election defeat were all unlawful.
House Republicans Requested to Testify
On May 11th, the House minority leader, Kevin McCarthy, and fellow House Republicans Jim Jordan, Scott Perry, Andy Biggs and Mo Brooks were subpoenaed by the January 6th House Committee. The subpoenas came after the congressmen refused to comply with requests from the Committee to discuss their involvement in President Trump’s plan to remain in office.
The Committee is interested in McCarthy’s communications with President Trump during the attack on January 6th, as well as in the week after the attack. Similarly, they wanted to investigate Jim Jordan’s communications with President Trump on January 6th. Additionally, the Committee hoped to discuss a legal theory Jordan forwarded to Mark Meadows via text on January 5th that Mike Pence had the authority to stop the certification of the election. Cassidy Hutchinson, Meadows' senior aide, was also a witness to shed light on the plans her boss was involved in during this time.
Scott Perry was investigating now debunked voter fraud theories in November 2020, and the Committee hopes to investigate messages that link Perry, a Justice Department attorney and the Trump White House in their effort “to enlist the Justice Department to help overturn the election.”
Andy Biggs and Mo Brooks were both subpoenaed due to their involvement in January 6th planning meetings at the White house and texts that reveal their efforts to convince state legislators that the election was stolen.
The House Committee knows that it is likely the Congressmen don’t comply with the subpoenas, but one member states, “If we have continued violence waged against the Congress, the vice-president, the peaceful transfer of power, and members of Congress have information, they should come and testify voluntarily. If they don't, all of us should come to expect [the subpoenas].”
Another said, "We urge our colleagues to comply with the law, do their patriotic duty, and cooperate with our investigation as hundreds of other witnesses have done."